Ovarian Cancer in Sudan


Wisal Adam, Rimaz A. Gurashi, Moawia Alsadig Humida and F.G. Abdelaziz


Full Length Research Paper I Published September, 2017


Journal of Medical and Biological Science Research Vol. 3 (4), pp. 37-41



Our purpose was to provide an overview of hospitalized based oncological reports of ovarian cancer to advance awareness on ovarian cancer problems in the Sudan which is the most lethal gynecological malignancy worldwide and the sixth most common cancer among women in 2014.During this year 2017 Ovarian cancer (OVC) ranks fifth in cancer deaths among women, accounting for more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. The possibility to getting ovarian cancer during lifetime is about 1 in 75, and lifetime chance of dying from ovarian cancer is about 1 in 100. Even though OVC mainly develops in older women there is younger age range reported in this study. Because of its latent for aggressive local invasion and the lack of sensitive in early screening methods, around 43% of all ovarian cancers are diagnosed at stage4, 21% at stage3, 21% at stage2, and only 15% at stage1. (9%) of all patients has history of cancers. Common clinical symptoms involved in the medical reports are pelvic pain119 (92.9%), abdominal pain 81(63.3%), vaginal discharge 127(99.2%), and vaginal bleeding 13(10.1%), with p-value 0.054, 0.043, 0.032, and 0.119, respectively. CT scan results 61% as pelvic mass, 69% bilatral mass, and 70% present with ascites with p-value 0.001. Histopathological presentation of OVC types were the Epithelial OVC 124(96.9%) and, Germ cell OVC 4 (3.1%). Concluding that the common type of ovarian cancer in Sudan is epithelial cell origin cancer, and ovarian malignancies tend to occur in younger age.

Key words:
Ovarian cancer, Pelvic, Bilateral, Ascites and CT-scan.

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