Journal of Medical and Biological Science
Research Paper|Published December 2020|Vol. 6 (5): 62-68.
Exploratory analysis based on leprosy epidemiological and operational indicators in the city of Governador Valadares/MG/Brazil
Katiuscia Cardoso Rodrigues1, Gilvan Ramalho Guedes2, Pedro Henrique Ferreira Marçal1, Rafael Silva Gama1, Ana Clara Siman Andrade3,Victor de Lima Rodrigues3,Daisy Cristina Monteiro dos Santos3,Thais Daiane de Morais Souza3,Dirce Ribeiro de Oliveira3, Euzenir Nunes Sarno4, Milton Ozório Moraes4,Jessica K Fairley5, Lucia Alves de Oliveira Fraga3*
1Universidade Vale do Rio Doce/UNIVALE-Programa de Mestrado em Ciências Biológicas, Governador Valadares/Minas Gerais, Brazil. 2Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais/UFMG, Belo Horizonte/Minas Gerais, Brazil.
3Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora -Campus GV, Programa Multicêntrico de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular/PMBqBM, Governador Valadares/Minas Gerais, Brazil.
4Laboratório de Hansenologia/IOC/FIOCRUZ/RJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 5Emory University-Atlanta/USA
Governador Valadares (GV) is a municipality of recognized leprosy hyperendemicity. From 2001 to 2010, the municipal health management invested in a heterogeneous way in the decentralization of control actions to expand access to diagnosis, highlighting the years 2002 and 2004, when training-campaigns took place in the Family’s Health Program. It is an epidemiological study, of a descriptive nature, of a longitudinal type, developed in the city of GV/Minas Gerais/Brazil. The variables collected were: Age group, categorized as <15 years and> 15 years; Gender; Year of notification; Operational classification categorized as paucibacillary and multibacillary; Number of registered household and outside contacts, classified by whole numbers starting with zero (no communications), and mode of entry, as new or not. The estimates obtained from the analysis of municipal indicators reveal that the coefficients of general detection and children under 15 years old remained at hyperendemic levels during the ten years of study with an apparent decrease in general detection to the period studied. Furthermore, according to national parameters, it was observed maintenance of a consistent number of diagnoses in children under 15 and insufficient contact examination coverage. Our study points to the importance of continuing leprosy control actions over time. Observing the findings related to some epidemiological and operational leprosy indicators in GV from 2001 to 2010 makes us aware of a high disease burden.
Keywords: Epidemiological parameters, leprosy, operational indicators.
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