Journal of Medical and Biological Science
Research Paper|Published February 2020|Vol. 6 (1): 1-6.
Female Genital Tract Malignancy, in Gadarif Advanced Medical Diagnostic Centre (GAMDC) Gadarif, Eastern Sudan, From 2017 to 2018
Usama A Elsharief1*, Samia O Massaad1*, Rabie A Babiker1*, Nadia A Mohammed2, Bashir M Barry3, Smah A Osman4 and Gamal K. Adam1
1Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gadarif University, Gadarif, Sudan.
2Faculties of Medicine and Health Sciences, Kassala University, Kassala, Sudan.
3Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ministry of Health, Gedarif State, Sudan.
4Department of Pathology, Ministry of Health, Kassala, Sudan.
*The first three authors equally contributed to this work.
Female genital tract malignant are common tumors that affect mainly the young female population, it is still the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality. The data concerning the gynecological malignancies are scarce in Sudan, so the aim of the current study was to analyze the trend of female genital tract malignancy and compare it with the national regional and international data. A retrospective descriptive study in the period from 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2018. Information was retrieved from the record kept as computer data. The main source of cases was Gadarif maternity teaching hospital. Among the 52 patients, cervical cancer was the common cancer 22(71%), followed by endometrial cancer 16 (30.8%) and ovarian cancer 6(11.5%). Squamous cervical cancer was the predominant subtype 16(72.7%) while endometrioid carcinoma was the commonest endometrial carcinoma 19(56.3%). The majority of patients were postmenopausal above than fifty years of age, however, the young ladies were not immune. Of the total 52 malignant cases, 22(42.3%) lived in urban area while 30(57.7%) lived in rural area. The ethnicity was determined, it was found that pure Africans and mixed Arab patients were 26 (50%), had an equal chance. The study concluded that cervical cancer was the common cancer (71%), followed by endometrial cancer and the ovarian cancer. The majority of patients were postmenopausal, above fifty years of age. Unfortunately, dominating cancer was cervical carcinoma which is a preventable one. It is high time to initiate cervical screening and vaccination program. Other studies should identify the modifiable risk factors for cervical cancer since it is a preventable disease.
Keywords: Female genital tract malignancy, Cervical cancer, Menopausal, Gadarif State, Eastern Sudan.
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