Instruction for Authors

Our journals consider all manuscripts on the strict condition that they have been submitted only to that journal and that they have not been published already. They must not be under consideration for publication or in press elsewhere.

It is recommended that an English check of the manuscript by a competent and knowledgeable native speaker be completed before submission. Only manuscripts that are written in clear and concise English will be accepted for review must use the American spelling and usage as well as standard scientific usage.

The Journal publishes Regular Articles, Notes, Communications and Reviews. With the exception of Invited Reviews, the members of the editorial board, whose opinions will form the basis of the final decision by the editor, will review manuscripts.


Research Articles: New, significant, innovative and original findings are suitable as Research Article (tables, figures and references) and encompass.

Notes: Papers containing new facts and important data derived from incomplete or partial studies may be suitable as a Note. In general, a Note should not exceed 4 printed pages.

Communications: Communications should contain new and important information that would be of interest to readers of the Journal, making urgent publication is desirable. An explanatory statement is required for urgent publication. In general, a Communication should not exceed 2 printed pages. Please indicate in the cover letter the reason why the manuscript should be treated as a Communication.


 Regular Reviews: Describing the research results of the author.

Invited Reviews: Reviews are submitted by invitation from the editorial board and encompass recent important scientific discoveries.


Manuscripts should be prepared double-spaced in Microsoft Word, with lines and pages numbered consecutively, using Times New Roman font at 12 points.
Postal submission will only be accepted in electronic format. Submissions by fax or by post are not acceptable.



The title page should start with the journal name (Like Asian Journal of medical Sciences) and type of manuscript (Research, Review Article, Short Communication and Note, etc.), this should be followed by the appropriate section for the manuscript.

The title, name(s) of the author(s) and affiliations and mailing address, an asterisk (*) should be added to the right of the corresponding author’s name. When there are two or more authors and they belong to more than one affiliation, his or her affiliation should be indicated by superscripts 1, 2, 3 … placed after each author’s name and before each affiliation.


The abstract consists not more than 250 words in one paragraph and containing the main findings and conclusions. Summarize the relevant results in a brief but understandable form, beginning with a clear statement of the objective and ending with the conclusions.

Abstract should be presented without subheadings and no reference should be cited in this section. Please make sure names of genes are in italics whereas others are in normal font. Et al., in vivo, in vitro, drosophila, xenopus etc. should be in italics.

Key words

List up to 6 key words including the species, variables tested and the major response criteria. Which clearly identify the paper’s subject, purpose and spotlight.
The first letter of each key word is lowercase (unless a proper noun).
Key words are separated by commas and presented in alphabetical order.
Words from title should avoid repeating as key words


Keep the introduction short. Precise the introduction in a significant manner and exclude the all subheadings. The basic principles of research, background earlier work and the purpose of the present studies should be described in the introduction.

Introduction should be briefly justifies the research, specifies the hypotheses to be tested and gives the objective(s). Extensive discussion of relevant literature should be included in the Discussion.

Materials and Methods

A clear description or specific original reference is required for all biological, analytical and statistical procedures. All modifications of procedures must be explained.
Appropriate statistical methods should be used although the biology should be emphasized.
A statement of the results of the statistical analysis should justify the interpretations and conclusions.

Results and Discussions

The results are presented in the form of tables or figures when feasible If data are discussed in the text but not presented in the tables or figures, specify, “data not shown” in the text. The text should explain or elaborate on the tabular data, but numbers should not be repeated within the text. Sufficient data, all with some index of variation attached, should be presented to allow the reader to interpret the results of the experiment.

The discussion should interpret the results clearly and concisely in terms of biological mechanisms and significance and also should integrate the research findings with the body of previously published literature to provide the reader with a broad base on which to accept or reject the hypotheses tested.

Focused on the interpretation of the results rather then a repetition of the results section.
Explain how the results relate previous findings, weather in support, contradiction, or simply as added data.
Highlight the significant/unique findings of the research under conclusion.
Precise whole discussion portion in a significant manner and give some Recommendations.
Note: Authors have the option of combining the results and discussion into one section.


Special characters (e.g., Greek and symbols) should be inserted using the symbols palette available in is font. Complex equations should be entered using Math-Type or an equation editor.

Tables and figures should be placed in separate sections at the end of the manuscript (not placed in the text). Authors should prepare their manuscript in Microsoft Word and upload the manuscripts using the fewest file possible to facilitate the review and editing processes.

Figures, Tables and Charts/Diagrams Showing Chemical Structures

Only one figure, table, or chart should appear on one page of an A4-sized paper (both portrait and landscape paper orientations can be used).
Provide self-explanatory captions of all tables and figures in a separate page.
Arabic numbers should be used for all compound numbers, figures and tables (e.g. Fig. 1 and Table 1).
Put all figures and tables in ascending order.
Label x-axis and y-axis of figures.
All figures legends should be clearly explained.
Each column must have a heading (e.g., Item, Ingredient, Trait, Fatty acid).

In the body of the table, references to footnotes should be numerals. Each footnote should begin on a new line. The final quality of your illustrations as they appear in the journal, depends on the quality with which you send them to us. If poor resolutions figures re sent, poor quality images are reproduced.

Always take the primary photographs with maximal resolution (for digital cameras, set the resolution option to maximum). As a general, manipulate images as little as possible, so as to avoid losing resolution, and always accompany your submission with original format of the file before exporting to other formats such as JPG, JPEG, PNG, TIFF, EPS (for photograph and screen dumps) EPS, PDF (for line drawings).

If exporting images to other applications, ensure that you export at maximal resolution (not at 72 dpi). Always submit a set of good, photographic quality hart copies of your artwork with the final version of the accepted paper. If scanning photos, do so with the resolution of 300 B 600 dpi.

Nomenclature: The nomenclature used for chemical compounds shall be in accordance with the nomenclature rules.

Appendixes: To provide readers with numerical examples or give extensive detail of analytical procedures, an appendix or appendices can be included.

Acknowledgement: Acknowledgement section may be included if author wants to acknowledge to the funding agency of to an scientist (s).


In the text body of the manuscript, refer to authors as follows: Smith and Jones (1992) or Smith and Jones (1990, 1992). If the sentence structure requires that the authors’ names be included in parentheses, the proper format is: (Smith and Jones, 1982; Jones, 1988a, b; Jones et al., 1993).

When there are more than 2 authors of an article, the first author’s name is followed by the abbreviation et al. More than 1 article listed in the same sentence or parentheses must be in chronological order first and alphabetical order for 2 publications in the same year.

Published articles and not abstracts should be cited whenever possible; if the work was originally described in an abstract, the author(s) should use a literature search to determine if the work has been published as a peer-reviewed article.

Work that has not been accepted for publication shall be listed in the text as “J.E. Jones (institution, city and state or country, personal communication)”.

The author’s own unpublished work should be listed in the text as “(J. Smith, unpublished data)”. Personal communications and unpublished data must not be included in the references list. To be listed in the references list, papers must be published or accepted for publication (in press).

In the references list, references are listed alphabetically by the author(s)’ last name(s) and then chronologically. The year of publication follows the authors’ names. As with text citations, 2 or more publications by the same author or set of authors in the same year shall be differentiated by adding lowercase letters after the date.

All authors’ names must appear in the references list. Journals shall be abbreviated according to international standard format. Inclusive volumes, page numbers and editions must be provided.

Format of References List

Journal Articles

Ouyang D, Bartholic J, Selegean J (2005). Assessing sediment loading from agricultural croplands in the Great Lakes Basin. J. Am. Sci. 1(2): 14-21.

A Book: Michael B, Richard S, Gelles J, Levine A (1984). Socioiogy: An Introduction. 2nd Edn., Random House, New York.

Association of Analytical Communities (AOAC) (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn. Association Official Analytical Chemists.Washington D.C., pp: 805-845.

National Research Centre (NRC) (1989). Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 6th Rev. Edn. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, D.C., pp: 90-110.

A Chapter in a Book

Leach J (1993). Impacts of the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) on Water Quality and Fish Spawning Reefs of Western Lake Erie. In: Zebra Mussels: Biology, Impacts and Control. Nalepa, T. and D. Schloesser (Eds.). Ann Arbor, MI: Lewis Publishers, pp: 381-397.

A Report

Makarewicz JC, Lewis T, Bertram P (1995). Epilimnetic phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass and species composition in Lake Michigan, 1983-1992. U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program, Chicago, IL. EPA 905-R-95-009.


Muhammad BF, Kwali R  (2005). Prospects and constraints to small scale yoghurt production in Bauchi Metropolis. Proceeding of the 10th Annual Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria. University of Ado-Ekiti, Sep. 12-15, pp: 234-236.

 Online Publications

Lal R, 1995. Sustainable Management of Soil Resources in the Humid Tropics. United Nations University Press,
Japan. (Accessed on March 17, 2011)

Rice RA, Ward JR, 1996. Coffee, Conservation and Commerce in the Western Hemisphere. Natural Resources Defence Council, Weadon Progressive and The Smithsonian, Washington, D.C. (Accessed on January 3, 2012)

WHO (2004). The World Coffee Crisis. Fair Trade Labeling Organization. (Accessed on June 6, 2013)

FAO (2002). Statistical Database, Food and Agriculture Organization. (Accessed on March 27, 2012)

A Thesis

Strunk JL (1991). The extraction of mercury from sediment and the geochemical partitioning of mercury in sediments from Lake Superior, M.S. Thesis, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI.

Abbreviations, symbols and style

Use only international standard abbreviations. In decimals, use the decimal point, not the comma. Use no Roman numerals. Foreign words, Latin names of genera, species, mathematical symbols, etc. should be italicized indicated by single underlining. Personal names after Latin names should not be italicized.

Units: The following units should be used: length (m, cm, m, mm, nm, Å), mass (kg, g, mg, mg, ng, pg, mol, mmol), Volume (l, ml, ml), time (s, min, h, d), temperature (°C, K), radiation (Bq, Ci, dpm, Gy, rad) and concentration (M, mM, mol/l, mmol/l, mg/ml, mg/ml, %, % (v/v), % (w/v), ppm, ppb


Electronic proofs would be uploads into the account of corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in both HTML and PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.


Publication of an article in the PEARL RESEARCH JOURNALS is not reliant upon the author's ability to pay the charges. Handling fee would be charged after acceptance the manuscript. Authors may still request (at the time of submission) that the editorial office waive some of the handling fee under special circumstances.